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World Development Report 2021

Part 1. Advancing development objectives through data

Chapter 1. Harnessing the value of data for the poor

Chapter 2. Data as a force for public good

Chapter 3. Data as a resource for the private sector

Chapter 4. Creative reuses of data for greater value

Part 2. Aligning data governance with the social contract

Chapter 5. Data infrastructure policy: Ensuring equitable access for poor people and poor countries

Chapter 6. Data policies, laws, and regulations: Creating a trust environment

Chapter 7. Creating value in the data economy: The role of competition, trade, and tax policy

Chapter 8. Institutions for data governance: Building trust through collective action

Part 3. Moving toward an integrated national data system

Chapter 9. Creating an integrated national data system


The launch of the World Development Report (WDR) 2021, Data for Better Lives is accompanied by an innovative data website. This website complements the WDR2021 publication and uses data stories to highlight the recommendations from the report. The website also curates all events and background data and research related to the WDR2021.

The development of the overall website was led by Malarvizhi Veerappan with guidance from the co-directors of the report Robert Cull, Vivien Foster, and Dean Jolliffe. The WDR core team members and World Bank staff who contributed to the effort were Adele Moukheibir Barzelay, Rong Chen, Niccolò Comini, Samuel Paul Fraiberger, Sameeksha Khare, Talip Kilic, Daniel G. Mahler, Martin Molinuevo, Nancy Morrison, David Newhouse, Sara Nyman, Nikkie Pacheco, Elizabeth Salazar, David Satola, Clara Stinshoff, and Philip Wollburg. External researchers Martina Francesca Ferracane and Erik van der Marel also provided input.

Beyond Words Studio designed and developed the WDR 2021 website and data stories. The team comprised of Kate Ashton, Rebecca Conroy, Jamie Gilman, Chris Hankins, Ceri Jones, Becca Muir, Richard Pullinger, Duncan Swain, and Lucy Swan. The illustrations for the website were created by Elisabetta Calabritto. Additionally, Dania Kibbi provided support for some of the illustrations on the website.

Maarten Lambrechts and Adrianus Willem Tulp developed the website’s data stories. Chisako Fukuda, Emmanuel Cosmas Maliganya, David Mariano, Vidhya Nagarajan, Balaji Natarajan, Mikael Reventar, Kenneth Zaul Moreno Sermeno, Somu Sinthamani, and Nina Vucenik contributed to technology support, communication and dissemination.

Finally, we express our gratitude to the entire WDR team for their contribution to the overall report, as well as to those who contributed to the report through consultations, the work of which underpinned the basis for this website.